Here's an easy to make and care-for miniature garden that you can make to brighten up your home or workplace. You can put this together using materials that you can find in your household, backyard, and/or neighborhood.
Step 1: Materials
Step 2: Putting Together the Garden
Arrange your drainage material at the bottom of your container. A lot of terrarium makers will also add a layer of activated charcoal to prevent odors and absorb chemicals from treated water and the soil from building up in the closed space. You can use charcoal here too, but because the garden isn't enclosed, I feel that it's not necessary.
Spread your soil layer over the rocks and pack it down so that the soil is not so loose. You'll want to shape your terrain, adding mountains and valleys to add more interesting shapes to your landscape.
Arrange the moss in your container, breaking it apart into smaller pieces if necessary. You can use some clippers to trim off excess moss that doesn't fit into your container.
After transplanting your moss, water it lightly so that it remains moist and establishes itself nicely in your container.
Step 3: Adding Decorations
I wanted to use the small pebbles to make a decorative rock river. You can also make tiny signs, place twigs, sea glass, or put in some small figurines.
Here's some great ideas from terrariums for inspiration:
A mini sheep pasture: https://www.etsy.com/listing/110057063/terrarium-...
Secret garden: https://www.etsy.com/listing/46340296/the-secret-g...
Charming figurines in beautiful scenes: http://www.renegadecraft.com/crafter-spotlight-twi...
Step 4: Caring For Your Garden
Be sure to place your garden in an area with filtered light and avoid direct sunlight. Moss tends to grow in moist, shady spots, so you don't want to burn your mosses with too much light.
Because this is not an enclosed terrarium, you will want to water your mosses more often, as there won't be the lingering condensation that keeps plants in a terrarium happy. You can water your mosses about twice a week, but avoid letting them become soggy. If they're getting dry to the touch this is a good sign they need more water.
If things don't go as planned, and your mosses are dying, you can always try again with a new specimen. Just give the original sheet of moss that you harvested from some time to grow back, and in time, you can harvest another piece.