Simple Wireless Power

Make wireless electricity easy with this simple DIY!

This project will use the principle of magnetic inductive coupling to transfer electricity between two separate coils.

Step 1: Materials

Simple Wireless Power

Overall, this experiment does not require too many materials, many of which can be easily acquired.

The materials are as follows:

  • 30 gauge magnetic wire
  • Alligator clips with leads
  • 2N2222 NPN-Type transistor
  • Electrical tape
  • Low-power LED
  • Measuring tape
  • Scissors
  • Pliers/wire cutters
  • Battery (9V)
  • Soldering gun
  • Solder
  • Cylinder with 2cm diameter

    All of these materials can be found at local hardware stores and specialty stores such as RadioShack.

    Step 2: Building The Coils

    Simple Wireless Power

    The first step in transferring wireless power it to make the coils. The two coils consist of one inducer and one receiver coil. They are made in the same manner, except the inducer coil will need a center tap.

    Step 3: Inducer coil

    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power

    To build the Inducer Coil, measure out 3 meters of 30 gauge magnetic wire. Then take the cut wire and begin wrapping it around your cylinder, leaving a sizable lead. After about half of the wire has been used (about 15 turns) create the center tap. This is done by pulling about 2 cm of wire away from the coil and twisting it. Do not cut the wire! Next, finish wrapping the wire around the cylinder, leaving another lead. To prevent unwinding, put 3 pieces of electrical tape on the coil. This will not effect the overall electrical output. You are now finished with the inducer coil.

    Step 4: Reciever Coil

    Simple Wireless Power

    The receiver coil is made like the Inducer coil, but without the center tap. To accomplish this, simply keep winding the coil without stopping.

    ***Helpful tip: Scrape off the enamel coating on the wire to ensure a good connection.

    Step 5: Connecting The Transistor

    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power

    The transistor is the brain of this operation. Its purpose it to connect and disconnect the power at a rapid pace, thus creating a changing magnetic field in the inducer coil. This changing magnetic field is what induces an electric current in the receiver coil; which powers the LED.

    To properly connect the transistor, you need to attach the correct coil leads to the correct transistor terminals (emitter, base, and receiver). The transistor will be soldered on.

    Emitter will go to the negative of the 9V battery

    Base will go to one inducer coil lead

    Collector will go to the other inducer coil lead

    Simply solder the terminals directly to the leads, and the connection will be secure.

    Step 6: Connecting The LED

    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power

    The LED will be soldered to the two leads of the receiver coil. This allows the LED to be powered easily when the receiver coil is moved around the magnetic field. Each LED terminal will be connected to one lead of the receiver coil. The positive and negative of the led do not matter, as the current in the receiver is changing.

    *** Helpful tip: trim the ends of the LED terminals so that it does not awkwardly stick out from the receiver coil

    Step 7: Connecting The Power Source

    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power

    This experiment is powered by one 9V battery

    Emitter will go to the negative of the 9V battery

    Center Tap will go to the positive of the 9V battery

    The full project can be represented in the schematic above

    ***Helpful tip: only connect the power to the coil when it is in use, as long periods of connection will deplete the battery and may fry the transistor. One way to solve this problem would be to connect a 100 ohm resistor to the base of the transistor (suggested by Majstor_nizasta), but since this project is supposed to be as simple as possible, I didn't include it.

    Step 8: Wireless Power

    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power
    Simple Wireless Power

    Once everything has been assembled and the power connected, hover the receiver coil over the inducer coil and watch the LED light up; without wires!!! I recommend experimenting with different positions and distances, as it is lots of fun. You can even place items between the coils, and the LED will still be powered. Also try flipping the receiver coil over if the LED is not very bright, as the magnetic flux of the receiver coil flows in one direction. The platform (black rectangle under the coils) is not necessary, but it allows you to move the whole project around more easily. It is simply the inducer coil glued to a note card wrapped in electrical tape.

    Thank you for viewing, I hope you enjoy this as much as I have. And don't forget to vote this as you favorite and share it with your friends.

    To learn more about the physics behind magnetic inductive coupling and wireless power, I recommend researching Howstuffworks, The Wireless Power Consortium, and Witricity.

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