My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine

This CNC was created using parts bought though the Kickstarter project www.aquickcnc.com.

Here is the Ended Kickstarted Project https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/ajquick/cnc-b...

The Design was built using Aluminium profiles and 3rd printed parts.

The great part of the design of this is that the Accuracy required for the project is designed in by using 3D printed parts. This was crucial for me as I don't own any equipment that would allow me to drill and cut accurately. the whole project was completed USING HAND TOOLS ONLY!

Step 1: Parts List

My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine

8 x 3/4" Linear Rod Rail Shaft Support For Cnc ***

4 x 3/4" rails 2x12" 2x24" http://www.aquickcnc.com/store/linear-bearings-an... ***

2 screw rails 1x12" 1x24" http://www.aquickcnc.com/store/

(alternative lead screws http://www.acculeadscrews.co.uk/acme-lead-screws/5...)

CNC Z Axis http://www.aquickcnc.com/store/building-blocks/z-a...

ACME Nut Bracket http://www.aquickcnc.com/store/building-blocks/acm...

Linear Bushing slide http://www.aquickcnc.com/store/building-blocks/lin...

Rounter Mount http://www.aquickcnc.com/store/router-mounts/bosch...

Stepper Motors http://www.aquickcnc.com/store/stepper-motors/bipo...

Motor Coupler (3/8" to 1/4") http://www.aquickcnc.com/store/mechanical-componen...

Microswitches x6 http://www.rapidonline.com/Electronic-Components/...

Crimp Connectors http://www.rapidonline.com/Cables-Connectors/Insu...

Sockets x4 http://www.rapidonline.com/Cables-Connectors/Clif...

Plugs to fit socket x4 (order some spare too) http://www.rapidonline.com/Cables-Connectors/Low-...

Cable http://www.rapidonline.com/Cables-Connectors/Alph...

Ordered from http://www.metallin.co.uk/shop/series-6 These parts from Metallin ordered cut to size and drilled. I Ordered all my parts cut to the correct length as I don't have a suitable method for cutting accurately

60x30 = 12" + 0.375" + 0.375" = 12.75" = 323.8mm x 2 (gantry bottom+ top)

60x30 = 24.75" + 0.375" + 0.375" = 628.65mm x 2 (Table length) with hole each end to attach universal connector

60x30 = 12" = 304.8mm x 2 (verticals) (Order End caps also x4)

120x30 = 12" = 304.8mm x 2 (ends) (Order End caps also x4)

T-Slot Nut 6 St M6

Standard Connector Set 6

bearing 3/8 x 7/8
http://simplybearings.co.uk/shop/p42007/KLNJ3/8ZZ+...

Step 2: Design 3D Printed Parts

My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
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Using a 3d CAD software i designed the Brackets that would hold the Guide rails in place.

I also needed a part to mount one Stepper motor on the side of the Gantry.

The great thing about this is by having this part printed the accuracy of the design is printed in and does not have to be hand drilled in the workshop

I used http://www.rhino3d.co.uk/ software to design my parts and then sent them off to a 3D printer service to have the printed (https://www.3dprint-uk.co.uk/)

my 3D print STL files can be downloaded here

http://www.madguernseyboy.co.uk/files/Gantry%20Bra...

http://www.madguernseyboy.co.uk/files/x%20axis%20B...

http://www.madguernseyboy.co.uk/files/xbracket2.st...

Step 3: Drill Clarence holes fro Lead screws

My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine

Drill holes in the Side Profiles and End profiles.

Because the Accuracy this 3D printed into the design the holes just have to be larger than the screws (3/8")

Step 4: BUILD TIME

My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
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Using a Tap set tap out the holes were required so you can use the T fasteners http://www.metallin.co.uk/shop/series-6/fasteners-..

then just take your time and screw all the parts together.

Step 5: Fit Emergency stops

My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
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Using the switches Screw them in place so they will activate when the CNC machine reaches the end of its travel.

Wire the cables so it is NC (Normally Closed) that was if there is a short circit the CNC machine will fail to a safer position.

I had to add additional wiring to my control box for the Emergency stops.

Step 6: Calculate Steps per MM for Mach3 settings

Now I used this website (http://www.prusaprinters.org/calculator/) to calculate the correct Steps Per mm

the step angle of my stepper motors is 1.8

the stepper motors are connected directly to the Lead screws so gear ratio is 1:1

and the CNC controller is set to 1/4 Stepping

my results were as follows

for the Z axis

9.53mm (2.11mm Lead) ACME Lead Screw

Steps per mm 379.47

for the X and Y axis

9.53mm (5.08mm Lead) x 381mm ACME Lead Screw

Steps per mm 157.48

My First CNC Machine
unipolar-stepper-motor-200-oz-in.pdf149 KB

Step 7: FINISH

My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine
My First CNC Machine

I finished the design by adding a MDF work surface. This allows the bench surface to be easily replaced and flexible for fixing items to the base.

The last step is to connect it to a computer with a parallel port and run :)

Get a copy of the user manual for Mach3 (soon to be Mach4) spend lots of time reading and understanding the documentation. http://www.machsupport.com/help-learning/product-m...

Good luck and have lots of fun.

 
 

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