ESP8266 Wifi Temperature Logger

They day I read at hackaday (http://hackaday.com/tag/esp8266/) that a new $5 wifi module was available, I order a few of them to test. Now, a few weeks later I want to share my experience.

This is a very simple demo using the ESP8266 and Arduino to update a remote server (https://thingspeak.com/) using a digital temperature sensor.

These are really exciting times for the Internet of Things (r)evolution. Prices are coming down and the Maker community is eager to develop the next generation of all things connected.

The following setup could be done under $20. This is using off the shelf "pricey" components (like Arduino), but you could program your own MCU with UART support and make it cheaper.

Step 1: Materials

ESP8266 Wifi Temperature Logger
ESP8266 Wifi Temperature Logger
  • 1 x ESP8266 (http://www.electrodragon.com/product/esp8266-wi07c-wifi-module/)
  • 1 x Arduino Pro Mini 328 - 3.3V/8MHz (https://www.sparkfun.com/products/11114)
  • 1 x DS18B20 Digital Temperature Sensor (http://www.mouser.com/ProductDetail/Maxim-Integrat...
  • 1 x 4.7k resistor
  • 1 x Power supply (3.3V up to 12V, I used a 9v)

    Step 2: ESP8266 Setup

    ESP8266 Wifi Temperature Logger

    This is where things got tricky. I spent a lot of time testing different configurations. Note that are two version of the ESP8266 going around. The first one has the notification LEDs right next to the board pins. The second one (newer) has the LEDs by the antenna. I have the second one.

    The best results came when I loaded V0.922 which allowed me to change the baud rate to 9600. Follow these steps to load this firmware.

    http://www.electrodragon.com/w/Wi07c#Firmware_uploading_tool

    The best way to test a good connection is by using a USB-to-TTL cable and using a terminal like CoolTerm. Here is the command to change the baud rate:

  • AT+CIOBAUD=9600

    These are the pin connections I used on ESP8266 to USB-to-TTL. I used the regulated 3.3v vcc of the Arduino to power the ESP8266. I know that Arduino vcc 3.3v max is output is 150 mA and ESP8266 will peak at 240 mA. But at the time I had no other regulated 3.3v available. Regular usage for the ESP8266 is at 70mA.

    Remember to connect GPIO0 to GND when you are uploading new firmware. After that remove for normal operation.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    GND --> GND (power source) | GPIO2 | GPIO0 | URXD --> TX (USB-to-TTL)

    UTXD --> RX (USB-to-TTL) | CH_PD VCC | RST | VCC --> VCC (power source)

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    *Note also had to do USB-to-TTL GND to Arduino GND

    Step 3: Arduino Setup and Sketch

    ESP8266 Wifi Temperature Logger

    ESP8266 to Arduino

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    GND --> GND Arduino | GPIO2 | GPIO0 | URXD --> TX Arduino

    UTXD --> RX Arduino | CH_PD VCC | RST | VCC --> VCC Arduino

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Digital Temperature Sensor to Arduino

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Arduino GND -- > GND(1) VDD(3)

    DQ(2) -- > 4.7K R --> Arduino 3.3v

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    #include #include #include #include #define ONE_WIRE_BUS 8 OneWire oneWire(ONE_WIRE_BUS); DallasTemperature sensors(&oneWire);

    #define SSID "[YOUR_SSID]" #define PASS "[YOUR_PASSWORD]" #define IP "184.106.153.149" // thingspeak.com String GET = "GET /update?key=[THINGSPEAK_KEY]&field1="; SoftwareSerial monitor(10, 11); // RX, TX void setup() { monitor.begin(9600); Serial.begin(9600); sensors.begin(); sendDebug("AT"); delay(5000); if(Serial.find("OK")){ monitor.println("RECEIVED: OK"); connectWiFi(); } } void loop(){ sensors.requestTemperatures(); float tempC = sensors.getTempCByIndex(0); tempC = DallasTemperature::toFahrenheit(tempC); char buffer[10]; String tempF = dtostrf(tempC, 4, 1, buffer); updateTemp(tempF); delay(60000); } void updateTemp(String tenmpF){ String cmd = "AT+CIPSTART=\"TCP\",\""; cmd += IP; cmd += "\",80"; sendDebug(cmd); delay(2000); if(Serial.find("Error")){ monitor.print("RECEIVED: Error"); return; } cmd = GET; cmd += tenmpF; cmd += "\r\n"; Serial.print("AT+CIPSEND="); Serial.println(cmd.length()); if(Serial.find(">")){ monitor.print(">"); monitor.print(cmd); Serial.print(cmd); }else{ sendDebug("AT+CIPCLOSE"); } if(Serial.find("OK")){ monitor.println("RECEIVED: OK"); }else{ monitor.println("RECEIVED: Error"); } } void sendDebug(String cmd){ monitor.print("SEND: "); monitor.println(cmd); Serial.println(cmd); } boolean connectWiFi(){ Serial.println("AT+CWMODE=1"); delay(2000); String cmd="AT+CWJAP=\""; cmd+=SSID; cmd+="\",\""; cmd+=PASS; cmd+="\""; sendDebug(cmd); delay(5000); if(Serial.find("OK")){ monitor.println("RECEIVED: OK"); return true; }else{ monitor.println("RECEIVED: Error"); return false; } }

    *UPDATE. Once your done testing/monitoring. Load the same sketch without SoftwareSerial Monitor. This gave me better results as stand alone.

    #include #include #include #define ONE_WIRE_BUS 8 OneWire oneWire(ONE_WIRE_BUS); DallasTemperature sensors(&oneWire); #define SSID "[YOUR_SSID]" #define PASS "[YOUR_PASSWORD]" #define IP "184.106.153.149" // thingspeak.com String GET = "GET /update?key=[THINGSPEAK_KEY]&field1="; void setup() { Serial.begin(9600); sensors.begin(); Serial.println("AT"); delay(5000); if(Serial.find("OK")){ connectWiFi(); } } void loop(){ sensors.requestTemperatures(); float tempC = sensors.getTempCByIndex(0); tempC = DallasTemperature::toFahrenheit(tempC); char buffer[10]; String tempF = dtostrf(tempC, 4, 1, buffer); updateTemp(tempF); delay(60000); } void updateTemp(String tenmpF){ String cmd = "AT+CIPSTART=\"TCP\",\""; cmd += IP; cmd += "\",80"; Serial.println(cmd); delay(2000); if(Serial.find("Error")){ return; } cmd = GET; cmd += tenmpF; cmd += "\r\n"; Serial.print("AT+CIPSEND="); Serial.println(cmd.length()); if(Serial.find(">")){ Serial.print(cmd); }else{ Serial.println("AT+CIPCLOSE"); } } boolean connectWiFi(){ Serial.println("AT+CWMODE=1"); delay(2000); String cmd="AT+CWJAP=\""; cmd+=SSID; cmd+="\",\""; cmd+=PASS; cmd+="\""; Serial.println(cmd); delay(5000); if(Serial.find("OK")){ return true; }else{ return false; } }

    Step 4: ThingSpeak setup

    ESP8266 Wifi Temperature Logger

    ThinkSpeak is just awesome! Follow these simple steps to start you own feed:

  • Sign up for a FREE account at https://thingspeak.com/
  • Go to Channels --> Create New Channel (you can leave all defaults)
  • Go to API Keys and get your KEY
  • Test by putting this on your browser
    http://api.thingspeak.com/update?key=[THINGSPEAK_KEY]&field1=0
  • Check your results

    http://api.thingspeak.com/channels/[CHANNEL_ID]/feed.json?key=[THINGSPEAK_KEY]

    Now you are ready to start sending data.

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