Here is my Pioneer Head Unit powered boom box build.
This thing is very loud without an amplifier and if the box is built right like mine, and is joined correctly and air tight, the bass just from these mid range drivers is awesome.
Now to start with you need to start with a design you have in mind, i envisioned this design and i built it from my head, no measurements (my bad) however if you are interested in building this yourself i'd be more than happy to measure it all up.
Anyway this box is made from marine plywood for sturdiness, the speakers are recessed into the wood face itself by using a router.
The power plant to all of this is very simple, I acquired a 12vDC 10ah Sealed Lead Acid Battery (Mobility scooter battery) which provides a little over 6 hours of constant fairly intensive use, to charge it i purchased just a cheap 12vDC 6ah laptop charger off Amazon, i de-soldered the 230v connector from it, and attatched a 3 pin kettle connector to the rear of this box complete with a fitted switch and 13a fuse for safety and this provides the charge for whenever the battery gets low.
Step 1: Partially Build your box and measure up.
In my case i thought it was best practice to partially build the box and add all of my components to ensure everything fits, its also a good idea at this stage to wire everything up, solder your wiring, terminals etc and hot glue everything in place i.e laptop charger, loose wires.... not your components, you will need to remove these again so sand or paint your box.
Once you have established everything fits snug into your box, you can go ahead and remove your components, in my case, (head unit, tweeters and speakers) and you can continue to build your box, be sure to add an air hole for the low frequencies to escape, this will be your bass port.
Also its worth noting that the battery i used weighs quite a bit so be sure to remove that too when working on the box enclosure and make sure any gaps in your joins are sealed up.
To maximise the bass frequencies this thing can produce, add quite a bit of pillow stuffing into the speaker chambers as this stuffing will make the speakers seem like they're in a much bigger box this enriching the bass.
Step 2: Test your box before final assembly
In this step you can see I've added weights on top of my boom box....ive done this because everything inside the box is fully setup, the system is powered on, however the top and rear panels of my boom box are loose at this stage and rattle about. the weights are there to simply keep the panels in place and to minimise any potential for air to escape as this will make the box sound lousy....once you are satisfied with the sound your hearing, go ahead and prepare for final assembly and in my case, paint.
for the top panel i used my router to create dado's for the inside panels to sit tightly in, i then used a strong PVA glue and some decking screws to make a super strong, super tight join.
however the back of the box is not sealed.... there is a battery inside remember, if this ever fails, you'l need to gain access to replace it, so the rear panel is simply fitted with a make shift sealer gasket and screwed it in.
When i say a sealer gasket, I mean i used bathroom sealer to go around all the edges where air could escape, let it set, and this will be your rubber like gasket.
Step 3: Finishing
Here i decided to paint my boom box, however this is marine plywood so you could sand, stain and varnish it...or simply cover it with carpet, the choice is yours.
So i masking taped all of my components and applied 4 coats of self etching primer, then I used some Halfords BMW Sparkling graphite paint, 2x cans around 5 coats, then a Halfords brand Clear Gloss paint again, around another 5 coats.
Wait for it to dry and wet sand any rough areas if you wish, i didn't and thats it.
I apologise if its a vague walkthrough, I didn't take many pictures whilst building this thing.
Step 4: Parts list
You can use any type of car speakers, tweeters and head units for this build, however I know mine sounds incredible and here is a list of the parts i used:
Pioneer DEH-1600UB Head Unit
Alpine SPG-17C2 G-Series Speakers 60watts max RMS - 300watts Maximum Peak
Bass Face SPLT.1 600W Bullet Tweeters Car Speakers Pair - sound amazing
12vDC 6ah Laptop charger - f5 from Amazon
12vdc 10ah Lead Acid battery from mobility scooter
3 Pin IEC320 C14 Inlet Module Plug Fuse Switch Male Power Socket 10A 250V - Amazon