A survival hip-pack is great for hikers who want an easy to carry survival pack that they can have easy access to in the middle of the woods. This is meant for survival for a few days, but not a long period of time. This kit is meant to be cost friendly and I tried to use things that you would normally already find in a household. Visit my website at http://how-to-make-a-survival-kit.yolasite.com/ for more survival kits.
Step 1: Materials
What you'll need:
Matches/lighter/other fire starter
550 cord/clothes line
First aid kit
Step 2: Hip-Pack
First of all, you'll need the hip-pack, also refered to as the fanny pack. I would reccomend a brightly colored pack so if someone is searching for you, they can easily see it easily. It shouldn't be small, but not so big that it's too heavy to carry around.
Step 3: Pocket Knife
A good pocket knife is a necessity in any survival kit. Any type of knife you're comfortable using will work. You can get a really cheap one at Walmart for $1. The knife can be used for cutting, skinning, trapping, wood-cutting, and other important things. You can also use it in conjunction with a magnesium block fire starter.
Step 4: Fire Starters
Always include 2 or more ways to start a fire. The two easiest and most household ones are matches (which I keep in a film canister) and lighters. These are easy to use but won't work if they're wet. Your best bet is a magnesium fire starter or flint and steel. Also, remember to bring along waterproof tinder.
Step 5: Shelter
Shelters keep you warm and dry and prevent hypothermia or heatstroke by keeping you out of the elements. The best form of shelter for its size to have is an emergency blanket. These are small (when folded up), lightweight, and reflect back 90% of body heat. Another form of shelter for staying dry is a rain poncho. This can be used when raining or to make another form of shelter.
Step 6: Whistle
A whitle can be used as a form of signaling or defence. If you see someone in the distance and they can't hear you shout, a whistle might catch their attention. Also, if a bear or other predator is around, your could blow your whistle loudly to so you don't surprise anything. The worst thing to do is stand infront of a surprised bear. Probably the best choice whistle would be a 4 in 1 whistle which you can find at Walmart, sporting goods store, or on the internet. This whistle is also a thermometer, compass, and magnifying glass.
Step 7: Cord
An item that can be improvised into a buch of things is cord. 550 cord being the best, you shoul carry with you at least 25 feet of this stuff. You can use the actual cord for tieing things, making a bow, snares, and splints, but you can also use the finer, inner strands for fishing and fire starting. A cheaper (and less recomended) alternatvive is clothes line, which is ok for lighter objects and fire starting, too.
Step 8: First Aid
A first aid kit is exremely important in any survival situation. A simple bandage can cover and protect a small cut that could prove fatal if left alone and became infected. A basic first aid kit will do, but the more, the better. Mine consists of bandages in a variety of sizes, antiseptic wipes, itch cream, splinter outs, cotton swabs, safety pins, allergy medicine (if you get allergies), and burn cream. Also, unless you want to be wiping your rear end with poison oak or wiping your snot on a bear, I'd recomend bringing along a small pack of tissue.
Step 9: Glow Sticks
If you do happen to be cought out after dark, you'd need some light to see and keep you company 'till morning. Glow sticks are the simplest form of artifical light you could bring along with you. You won't need to rely on batteries or tinder to have light. You can get a pack of two stick (each lasting a whole night) at almost any retail store.
Step 10: Sewing Kit
A simple sewing kit can be used in a variety of things, not just sewing. You can use the thread to tie things together, as fishing line, as floss, and as snares. The needle can be used as a point for ammo for a weapon (blow gun dart, arrow). Although this is HIGHLY NOT RECOMENDED, it can also be used to stich an open wound.
Step 11: Salt/Sugar
Salt and sugar are optional to bring along in your kit, but are essentials for human life. You lose salt in sweat and urine. If you do not have enough salt in your system, you may experience muscle cramps, dizziness, nausea, and fatigue. Sugar can be used to give you energy, increase blood sugar, and tread wounds and injuries.
Step 12: Finished
You have now completed your survival hip-pack and equiped yourself with basic tools for survival in the wilderness. The rest of the item you add to this kit is up to you and based on your unique needs. Here's a list of extra items I would bring along with me.
cotton balls w/ petroleum jelly
magnesium block fire starter